The capability to retrieve information from the World Wide Web has become an integral part of most information systems for personal and business use alike. Many smartphone applications depend just as heavily on World Wide Web information as most business management systems.
The need to organize vast amounts of information for effective retrieval long predates the World Wide Web and even computers. Traditional libraries were the birthplace for many of the techniques to organize and retrieve information still used by modern information systems. The evolution of computers changed many of the concepts to store, access and search information and gave birth to a new research field – Information Retrieval.
The amount and heterogeneity of information on the World Wide Web introduced new retrieval tasks, which triggered the advancement of traditional and the creation of new information retrieval technologies.
- S. Ceri, A. Bozzon, M. Brambilla, E. Della Valle, P. Fraternali and S. Quarteroni. Web Information Retrieval. Springer, 2013. ISBN 3642393136.
- C. D. Manning, P. Raghavan and H. Schütze. An Introduction to Information Retrieval. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England 2009. (free online edition: http://www-nlp.stanford.edu/IR-book/).
- B. Ribeiro-Neto and R. Baeza-Yates. Modern Information Retrieval: The Concepts and Technology Behind Search. Pearson Education, Ltd., Harlow, England, Addison-Wesley, 2 edition, 2011. ISBN 9780321416919.
Topic-specific literature will be provided during the first session.
The seminar can serve as a starting point for a topically related bachelor's or master's project and thesis.
For current project and theses proposals visit:http://www.isg.uni-konstanz.de/students-corner/
For the theoretical research project:
- presentation (30 min)
- term paper (8-10 pages per person, ACM style)
For the practical research project:
- Developed application
- Presentation (30 min)
- Developer documentation (min 3 pages per person, ACM style)
Group work is possible for both project types.
Seminar participants will explore current research approaches that seek to advance the technologies for Information Retrieval. Participants can choose to complete either a theoretical or a practical research project as part of the seminar.
For the theoretical research project, participants will pick a topic related to Information Retrieval research and applications according to their own interests or from a pool of suggestions that will be provided. For their topic, the participants will give an overview of the state-of-the-art relevant to the topic in a presentation during the seminar (30 min) and a term paper (8 - 10 pages per person, ACM style) due at the end of the seminar. The theoretical research project is best suited to compile a state-of-the-art review in preparation of a subsequent practical BA/MA project and/or thesis in the same area.
For the practical research project, participants will use Information Retrieval methods to implement a system that solves a real-world application problem. Participants can suggest a problem or choose from a number of suggestions that will be provided. Aside from the working application, completing the seminar requires a giving a presentation (30 min) on the project and a compiling a developer documentation for the application (min 3 pages ACM style per person).
Topic suggestions include, but are not limited to:
- Information Retrieval Technologies for Digital Libraries
- Link Analysis
- Semantic Analysis
- Advanced Search Systems for Digital Libraries
- Semantic Search
- Domain Specific Search
- Meta Search
- Multimedia Search
- Recommender Systems for Digital Libraries
- Performance Measures for Digital Libraries
- Tracking-based Statistics
- Community Rankings
- Rankings based on Edit History
- Web Scale Data Processing
- Efficient Execution of IR Methods
- Scheduling of Concurrent IR Tasks
- Maintainting Digital Libraries
- News Analysis
- Semantic Analysis of News Articles
- Clustering Related News
- Sentiment Analysis
- Temporal and Content-based Analysis of Changes
- Media Analysis
Seminar participants will gain an overview of the state-of-the-art technologies for different information retrieval tasks. They will be able to describe the current research trends, research challenges, and the predominant approaches for tackling these research challenges.
For the theoretical research project, each participant will perform an in-depth literature review on current research approaches that address a particular retrieval task. The participants will present their findings in an academic paper and a 30 minute long presentation during one of the seminar sessions. Through this process, which the lecturers supervise and guide, the participants will train their ability to:
- find, organize, and systematically read relevant research papers;
- analyze, compare, and contrast research approaches and findings;
- structure, write, and format an academic paper;
- present their work using appropriate presentation techniques and presentation aids;
- answer questions and discuss their work with peers.
For the practical research project, participants will pick a real-world application problem that can be solved using information retrieval technology. The participants will design and implement an application that addresses the identified problem. By completing this task, participants will gain hands-on experience in IR application development.
By successfully completing the seminar, participants will achieve valuable preparation in terms of the knowledge and methodological skills required to successfully complete a bachelor’s or master’s project related to information retrieval tasks on the Web and in other domains.
Total workload: 4 ECTS = 120 hours